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3io                HISTORY OF PERSIA
assembled a powerful army, the command of which was
given to Khusru Khan, Governor of Georgia and nephew
of Gurgin Khan. Advancing on Kandahar, he defeated
Mir Vais and besieged his capital. The Afghans were
ready to submit if a general pardon were proclaimed, but
the Georgian general, thirsting for revenge, insisted upon
an unconditional surrender. In desperation the garrison
prepared to resist to the death, the Persian assaults were
beaten off, and the besieging army, harassed by the foe,
began to suffer from scarcity. Mir Vais was able to take
the field again, and this time he was successful. The
Shah's army was defeated, the Georgian general killed,
and of the twenty-five thousand Persians less than one
thousand escaped. The date of this was A.H. 1123
(1711). A second army was raised under the command
of Mohamed Rustam, but this force was also defeated,
and Mir Vais by these two victories became the undis-
puted ruler of the province of Kandahar. Apparently
no attempt was made by Persia to collect a third army,
and until his death, which occurred in A.H. 1127 (1715),
the Ghilzai chief was busily engaged in organizing
schemes of further aggrandisement.
Mir Aldulla^ A.H. 1128-1130 (1715-1717).óMir
Vais left two sons, the eldest of whom, Mahmud, was
eighteen years old, but his uncle Abdulla seized the reins
of power. He very soon showed his intention of making
peace with Persia and sent envoys to Isfahan charged with
the task. His stipulations were (a) that all tribute should
be remitted, (V) that no foreign troops should be sent to
Kandahar, and (c) that the post of Governor should be
made hereditary in his family. These negotiations out-
raged many of the Afghans, whose pride in their hard-won
independence was intense, and, knowing that he had the
popular feeling behind him, Mahmud with forty sup-
porters assassinated Mir Abdulla. It is recorded that
after the deed the Nakkara Khana, or music, was played,
that the Chiefs then assembled in council, and after
examining the instructions given by Mir Abdulla to the
Afghan envoys, pronounced his fate to be just, and
proclaimed Mahmud ruler of Kandahar.